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July - December 2014

Planck 2013 results. II. Low Frequency Instrument data processing

Planck Collaboration; Aghanim, N.; Armitage-Caplan, C.; Arnaud, M.; Ashdown, M.; Atrio-Barandela, F.; Aumont, J.; Baccigalupi, C.; Banday, A. J.; Barreiro, R. B.; Battaner, E.; Benabed, K.; Benoît, A.; Benoit-Lévy, A.; Bernard, J.-P.; Bersanelli, M.; Bielewicz, P.; Bobin, J.; Bock, J. J.; Bonaldi, A.; Bonavera, L.; Bond, J. R.; Borrill, J.; Bouchet, F. R.; Bridges, M.; Bucher, M.; Burigana, C.; Butler, R. C.; Cappellini, B.; Cardoso, J.-F.; Catalano, A.; Chamballu, A.; Chen, X.; Chiang, L.-Y.; Christensen, P. R.; Church, S.; Colombi, S.; Colombo, L. P. L.; Crill, B. P.; Cruz, M.; Curto, A.; Cuttaia, F.; Danese, L.; Davies, R. D.; Davis, R. J.; de Bernardis, P.; de Rosa, A.; de Zotti, G.; Delabrouille, J.; Dickinson, C.; Diego, J. M.; Dole, H.; Donzelli, S.; Doré, O.; Douspis, M.; Dupac, X.; Efstathiou, G.; Enßlin, T. A.; Eriksen, H. K.; Falvella, M. C.; Finelli, F.; Forni, O.; Frailis, M.; Franceschi, E.; Gaier, T. C.; Galeotta, S.; Ganga, K.; Giard, M.; Giardino, G.; Giraud-Héraud, Y.; Gjerløw, E.; González-Nuevo, J.; Górski, K. M.; Gratton, S.; Gregorio, A.; Gruppuso, A.; Hansen, F. K.; Hanson, D.; Harrison, D.; Henrot-Versillé, S.; Hernández-Monteagudo, C.; Herranz, D.; Hildebrandt, S. R.; Hivon, E.; Hobson, M.; Holmes, W. A.; Hornstrup, A.; Hovest, W.; Huffenberger, K. M.; Jaffe, A. H.; Jaffe, T. R.; Jewell, J.; Jones, W. C.; Juvela, M.; Kangaslahti, P.; Keihänen, E.; Keskitalo, R.; Kiiveri, K.; Kisner, T. S.; Knoche, J.; Knox, L.; Kunz, M.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Lagache, G.; Lähteenmäki, A.; Lamarre, J.-M.; Lasenby, A.; Lattanzi, M.; Laureijs, R. J.; Lawrence, C. R.; Leach, S.; Leahy, J. P.; Leonardi, R.; Lesgourgues, J.; Liguori, M.; Lilje, P. B.; Linden-Vørnle, M.; Lindholm, V.; López-Caniego, M.; Lubin, P. M.; Macías-Pérez, J. F.; Maggio, G.; Maino, D.; Mandolesi, N.; Maris, M.; Marshall, D. J.; Martin, P. G.; Martínez-González, E.; Masi, S.; Massardi, M.; Matarrese, S.; Matthai, F.; Mazzotta, P.; Meinhold, P. R.; Melchiorri, A.; Mendes, L.; Mennella, A.; Migliaccio, M.; Mitra, S.; Moneti, A.; Montier, L.; Morgante, G.; Morisset, N.; Mortlock, D.; Moss, A.; Munshi, D.; Naselsky, P.; Natoli, P.; Netterfield, C. B.; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U.; Novikov, D.; Novikov, I.; O'Dwyer, I. J.; Osborne, S.; Paci, F.; Pagano, L.; Paladini, R.; Paoletti, D.; Partridge, B.; Pasian, F.; Patanchon, G.; Peel, M.; Perdereau, O.; Perotto, L.; Perrotta, F.; Pierpaoli, E.; Pietrobon, D.; Plaszczynski, S.; Platania, P.; Pointecouteau, E.; Polenta, G.; Ponthieu, N.; Popa, L.; Poutanen, T.; Pratt, G. W.; Prézeau, G.; Prunet, S.; Puget, J.-L.; Rachen, J. P.; Reach, W. T.; Rebolo, R.; Reinecke, M.; Remazeilles, M.; Ricciardi, S.; Riller, T.; Robbers, G.; Rocha, G.; Rosset, C.; Rossetti, M.; Roudier, G.; Rubiño-Martín, J. A.; Rusholme, B.; Salerno, E.; Sandri, M.; Santos, D.; Scott, D.; Seiffert, M. D.; Shellard, E. P. S.; Spencer, L. D.; Starck, J.-L.; Stolyarov, V.; Stompor, R.; Sureau, F.; Sutton, D.; Suur-Uski, A.-S.; Sygnet, J.-F.; Tauber, J. A.; Tavagnacco, D.; Terenzi, L.; Toffolatti, L.; Tomasi, M.; Tristram, M.; Tucci, M.; Tuovinen, J.; Türler, M.; Umana, G.; Valenziano, L.; Valiviita, J.; Van Tent, B.; Varis, J.; Vielva, P.; Villa, F.; Vittorio, N.; Wade, L. A.; Wandelt, B. D.; Watson, R.; Wehus, I. K.; White, S. D. M.; Wilkinson, A.; Yvon, D.; Zacchei, A.; Zonca, A.

We describe the data processing pipeline of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) data processing centre (DPC) to create and characterize full-sky maps based on the first 15.5 months of operations at 30, 44, and 70 GHz. In particular, we discuss ...
Validation of Spherically Symmetric Inversion by Use of a Tomographically Reconstructed Three-Dimensional Electron Density of the Solar Corona

Wang, Tongjiang; Davila, Joseph M.

Determination of the coronal electron density by the inversion of white-light polarized brightness (pB) measurements by coronagraphs is a classic problem in solar physics. An inversion technique based on the spherically symmetric geometry (Spherical ...
A support vector machine to search for metal-poor galaxies

Shi, Fei; Liu, Yu-Yan; Kong, Xu; Chen, Yang; Li, Zhong-Hua; Zhi, Shu-Teng

To develop a fast and reliable method for selecting metal-poor galaxies (MPGs), especially in large surveys and huge data bases, a support vector machine (SVM) supervized learning algorithms is applied to a sample of star-forming galaxies from the S ...
Testing cosmic microwave background polarization data using position angles

Preece, Michael; Battye, Richard A.

We consider a novel null test for contamination which can be applied to cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization data that involves analysis of the statistics of the polarization position angles. Specifically, we will concentrate on using hist ...
A Bayesian blind survey for cold molecular gas in the Universe

Lentati, L.; Carilli, C.; Alexander, P.; Walter, F.; Decarli, R.

A new Bayesian method for performing an image domain search for line-emitting galaxies is presented. The method uses both spatial and spectral information to robustly determine the source properties, employing either simple Gaussian, or other physic ...
The Gaia-ESO Survey: The analysis of high-resolution UVES spectra of FGK-type stars

Smiljanic, R.; Korn, A. J.; Bergemann, M.; Frasca, A.; Magrini, L.; Masseron, T.; Pancino, E.; Ruchti, G.; San Roman, I.; Sbordone, L.; Sousa, S. G.; Tabernero, H.; Tautvaišienė, G.; Valentini, M.; Weber, M.; Worley, C. C.; Adibekyan, V. Zh.; Allende Prieto, C.; Barisevičius, G.; Biazzo, K.; Blanco-Cuaresma, S.; Bonifacio, P.; Bragaglia, A.; Caffau, E.; Cantat-Gaudin, T.; Chorniy, Y.; de Laverny, P.; Delgado-Mena, E.; Donati, P.; Duffau, S.; Franciosini, E.; Friel, E.; Geisler, D.; González Hernández, J. I.; Gruyters, P.; Guiglion, G.; Hansen, C. J.; Heiter, U.; Hill, V.; Jacobson, H. R.; Jofre, P.; Jönsson, H.; Lanzafame, A. C.; Lardo, C.; Ludwig, H.-G.; Maiorca, E.; Mikolaitis, Š.; Montes, D.; Morel, T.; Mucciarelli, A.; Muñoz, C.; Nordlander, T.; Pasquini, L.; Puzeras, E.; Recio-Blanco, A.; Ryde, N.; Sacco, G.; Santos, N. C.; Serenelli, A. M.; Sordo, R.; Soubiran, C.; Spina, L.; Steffen, M.; Vallenari, A.; Van Eck, S.; Villanova, S.; Gilmore, G.; Randich, S.; Asplund, M.; Binney, J.; Drew, J.; Feltzing, S.; Ferguson, A.; Jeffries, R.; Micela, G.; Negueruela, I.; Prusti, T.; Rix, H.-W.; Alfaro, E.; Babusiaux, C.; Bensby, T.; Blomme, R.; Flaccomio, E.; François, P.; Irwin, M.; Koposov, S.; Walton, N.; Bayo, A.; Carraro, G.; Costado, M. T.; Damiani, F.; Edvardsson, B.; Hourihane, A.; Jackson, R.; Lewis, J.; Lind, K.; Marconi, G.; Martayan, C.; Monaco, L.; Morbidelli, L.; Prisinzano, L.; Zaggia, S.

Context. The ongoing Gaia-ESO Public Spectroscopic Survey is using FLAMES at the VLT to obtain high-quality medium-resolution Giraffe spectra for about 105 stars and high-resolution UVES spectra for about 5000 stars. With UVES, the Survey has alread ...
White dwarf-main sequence binaries from LAMOST: the DR1 catalogue

Ren, J. J.; Rebassa-Mansergas, A.; Luo, A. L.; Zhao, Y. H.; Xiang, M. S.; Liu, X. W.; Zhao, G.; Jin, G.; Zhang, Y.

Context. White dwarf-main sequence (WDMS) binaries are used to study several different important open problems in modern astrophysics. Aims: The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) identified the largest catalogue of WDMS binaries currently known. How ...
Simple proposal for radial 3D needlets

Durastanti, C.; Fantaye, Y.; Hansen, F.; Marinucci, D.; Pesenson, I. Z.

We present here a simple construction of a wavelet system for the three-dimensional ball, which we label radial 3D needlets. The construction envisages a data collection environment in which an observer located at the center of the ball is surrounde ...
Weak lensing measurements in simulations of radio images

Patel, Prina; Abdalla, Filipe B.; Bacon, David J.; Rowe, Barnaby; Smirnov, Oleg M.; Beswick, Rob J.

We present a study of weak lensing shear measurements for simulated galaxy images at radio wavelengths. We construct a simulation pipeline into which we can input galaxy images of known shapelet ellipticity, and with which we then simulate observati ...
Parallel blind deconvolution of astronomical images based on the fractal energy ratio of the image and regularization of the point spread function

Jia, Peng; Cai, Dongmei; Wang, Dong

A parallel blind deconvolution algorithm is presented. The algorithm contains the constraints of the point spread function (PSF) derived from the physical process of the imaging. Additionally, in order to obtain an effective restored image, the frac ...
Lunar Crescent Detection Based on Image Processing Algorithms

Fakhar, Mostafa; Moalem, Peyman; Badri, Mohamad Ali

For many years lunar crescent visibility has been studied by many astronomers. Different criteria have been used to predict and evaluate the visibility status of new Moon crescents. Powerful equipment such as telescopes and binoculars have changed c ...
Images of Gravitational and Magnetic Phenomena Derived from Two-dimensional Back-projection Doppler Tomography of Interacting Binary Stars

Richards, Mercedes T.; Cocking, Alexander S.; Fisher, John G.; Conover, Marshall J.

We have used two-dimensional back-projection Doppler tomography as a tool to examine the influence of gravitational and magnetic phenomena in interacting binaries that undergo mass transfer from a magnetically active star onto a non-magnetic main-se ...
MOSAIX: a tool to built large mosaics from GALEX images

Armengot, Marcelo; Sánchez, Nestor; López-Santiago, Javier; Gómez de Castro, Ana Inés

Large sky surveys are providing a huge amount of information for studies of the interstellar medium, the galactic structure or the cosmic web. Setting into a common frame information coming from different wavelengths, over large fields of view, is n ...
Automated Detection of Low-Contrast Solar Features Using the Phase-Congruency Algorithm

Feng, Song; Xu, Zhi; Wang, Feng; Deng, Hui; Yang, Yunfei; Ji, Kaifan

We propose a new feature-detection technique based on phase-congruency (PC) measurements to automatically recognize or enhance faint features in solar observations, such as off-limb coronal loops and umbral dots. Compared with other feature-detectio ...
Automatic Method for Identifying Photospheric Bright Points and Granules Observed by Sunrise

Javaherian, M.; Safari, H.; Amiri, A.; Ziaei, S.

In this study, we propose methods for the automatic detection of photospheric features (bright points and granules) from ultra-violet (UV) radiation, using a feature-based classifier. The methods use quiet-Sun observations at 214 nm and 525 nm image ...
S4: A Spatial-spectral model for Speckle Suppression

Fergus, Rob; Hogg, David W.; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Brenner, Douglas; Pueyo, Laurent

High dynamic range imagers aim to block or eliminate light from a very bright primary star in order to make it possible to detect and measure far fainter companions; in real systems, a small fraction of the primary light is scattered, diffracted, an ...
Systematic De-saturation of Images from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly in the Solar Dynamics Observatory

Schwartz, R. A.; Torre, G.; Piana, M.

Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) images of solar flares provided by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) are often affected by saturation effects in their core, physically most interesting, region. We introdu ...
A cluster finding algorithm based on the multiband identification of red sequence galaxies

Oguri, Masamune

We present a new algorithm, CAMIRA, to identify clusters of galaxies in wide-field imaging survey data. We base our algorithm on the stellar population synthesis model to predict colours of red sequence galaxies at a given redshift for an arbitrary ...
Maximizing the ExoEarth Candidate Yield from a Future Direct Imaging Mission

Stark, Christopher C.; Roberge, Aki; Mandell, Avi; Robinson, Tyler D.

ExoEarth yield is a critical science metric for future exoplanet imaging missions. Here we estimate exoEarth candidate yield using single visit completeness for a variety of mission design and astrophysical parameters. We review the methods used in ...
The effect of foreground subtraction on cosmological measurements from intensity mapping

Wolz, L.; Abdalla, F. B.; Blake, C.; Shaw, J. R.; Chapman, E.; Rawlings, S.

We model a 21-cm intensity mapping survey in the redshift range 0.01 < z < 1.5 designed to simulate the skies as seen by future radio telescopes such as the Square Kilometre Array, including instrumental noise and Galactic foregrounds. In our pipeli ...